List of all Music Scales and its types

Here I have listed all the Music Scales and its types in a simple way. Get to know how the Scales formed and how we can use them in many different genres.

Music Scales

There are so many scales to study but you don't need to worry about it. By studying one single Scale and formula you can form many Scales easily.

What is Music Scales?

Music Scales are nothing but the combinations of several musical notes which sounds great together. In music, we have 12 notes in which 7 notes are natural and 5 notes are altered notes.

So when all the 12 notes are present on one scale then we called it Chromatic Scale and when the scale includes only 7 notes then we called it Diatonic Scale.

For e.g. In C chromatic Scale we have [C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B, (C)].

So on this scale, [C, D, E, F, G, A, B] are the natural notes and [C#, D#, F#, G#, A#] are the altered notes. For D# and A# we also called Eb and Bb respectively.

Types of Music Scales:

  • Major Scales
  • Minor Scales
  • Harmonic Minor Scales
  • Melodic Minor Scales
  • Pentatonic Scales
  • Blues Scales
  • Jazz Scales

Don't' worry once you understand the Major Scales and its formula then it will be easy to understand other scales because all other scales you can form just by using a Major scale. It's like a maths, once you understand the formula behind the scale then it becomes easy to form other scales.

Major and Minor Scales include 7 notes which can be altered and natural. Major Scale notes always sound happy whereas Minor Scale notes always sound sad. Harmonic Minor and Melodic Minor Scales are very useful when you want to write something melodic.

Pentatonic Scales are the same as its name suggests Penta means five. Pentatonic Scales includes only 5 notes and it can be played 2 notes per string. This scale is very useful for lead guitar and soloing.

Blues Scales and Jazz Scales are a bit different they include the 7th, 9th, 11th 13th notes from the chromatic scale.

Use of Scales:

Knowing Scales are always useful because it helps to play the lead part of the songs mostly in Guitar Solos for e.g. Hotel California Song Guitar Solo by The Beatles Band.

Scales also helps to understand intervals and chord progressions. You must know the scales to play advanced guitar techniques such as Jazz, Blues, and Rock, etc.


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